Problems in this joint may be caused by a misalignment of the teeth, trauma, or excess muscle tension. Aside from the two bones that meet there, cartilage buffers them and five muscles are involved in the area. If something goes wrong, a good deal of trouble can result.
Problems in this area can cause:
• Trouble or soreness when opening and closing the mouth
• Clicking or popping of the jaw
• Pain in the jaw muscles
• Soreness in the area, sometimes extending to the face
Dental treatments for the condition can include replacing missing teeth, moving teeth, adjusting the bite, and filling gaps between teeth. There is no singular solution that is right for all cases. Sometimes a plastic mouthpiece is made to be worn during sleep. This will help prevent the clenching or grinding that occurs during sleep and contributes to the problem. If untreated and taken to extremes, surgery may be required to repair a badly damaged joint.